Hallux valgus
What it is, why it happens and what to do

Hallux Valgus is a deformity of the forefoot affecting the big toe whereby the first metatarsal bone shifts away from the other toes.
Clinically speaking, it is a bump in a mid position (a bunion) which can also lead to bursitis due to rubbing or ulceration.
The main symptoms are pain, swelling and redness.

There are many possible reasons for the formation of a hallux valgus – ligamentous laxity, muscle laxity with particular regard to the flexors, laxity of the plantar vault, a flat foot left untreated during the teenage years or cumulative trauma.

In the initial stages, the best treatment consists in suitable footwear with a biomechanical outsole and stretchable upper in order to reduce rubbing and friction against the bony prominences; proper footwear should also feature a customised insole which contains or corrects any biomechanical distortion and relieves pressure by increasing the surface area for the affected zones.